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dear what is the meaning "how on the earth " and "what on the earth" thanks

dear what is the meaning "how on the earth " and "what on the earth" thanks

For learning: English
Base language: English
Category: Other

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    Just emphasis.
    How on earth = How (with surprise/emphasis) could this happen?
    What on earth = What (with surprise/emphasis) is that?
    .
    For some reason, the speaker finds the item unlikely, or surprising.

    I believe you are refering to the expression or interjection: "How on earth" and "what on earth".

    These have no special additive meaning to the sentence. They are typically followed with a main clause, like "How on earth did you do that?" or "what on earth are you doing?" They both can be simply said as, "How did you do that?" or "What are you doing?". It is used to show surprise, just like "Oh my goodness (god)."

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