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Starting sentences with pronouns in Spanish


On a Spanish course on a CD, they teach that to begin a sentence with a pronoun, you start with the letter "a". Example:
"A ella es bonita", or "A ellos estan en el cine". Why is the "A" before the pronoun? Should a sentence that begins with a pronoun always start with "A"? In other Spanish courses the "A" is omitted. Example: "Ella es Bonita", or "Ellos estan en el cine". Which is correct?

For learning: Spanish
Base language: English
Category: Other



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    The correct way to start a sentence in Spanish is without the "a", for example yo can say "Ella es hermosa", NO "A ELLA ES HERMOSA".
    In Spanish we can say "Yo le di una moneda a ella", it means "I gave her a coin", but that an other topic. I hope this help you.

    You would only do this when the pronoun is an indirect object of the Spanish verb.
    A ella le gustan las uvas.
    A él le pareció muy divertido.


    Actually, both are correct, but, it will depend on the kind of verb that you are using. If you use a transitive verb (verbs where one person executes the verb and a different person is the object of the action) Then you will start with the pronoun as you know them

    Ella sabe la respuesta
    She knows the answer.

    Yo no como carne
    I do not eat meat.

    If you have a intransitive verb (verbs where there is a person that executes the verb, but there is no object receiving the action) it will be the same.

    Ellos respiran
    They breath

    Nosotros crecemos
    We grow.

    Now, if you use a reflexive verb (verbs where the person executing the verb is also the object of the verb) or pronominal verbs (verbs where the verb is in reflexive form, even though the person is not the object of the verb) or reciprocal verbs (verbs where there are more than one person executing the verb, and they preform the action on one another), then you will have "a" in the beginning since they have to use that form.

    To like is a pronominal verb in Spanish.

    A ella le gusta el café
    She likes coffee.

    Cut, can be reflexive

    Me corté el dedo
    I cut my finger,

    And it can also be transitive, you can start with the object of the action.

    A Cristina le cortaron el pelo
    Cristina had her hair cut (lit. to Cristina, they cut her hair)

    And an example of a reciprocal verb would be "to hug"

    Ellos se abrazaron por largo tiempo
    They hug (each other) for a long time.

    I hope this helps.


    Tu ejemplo trata "La A Personal" que se usa en ciertas situaciones. This is the Personal A. The name indicates it is used in certain situations dealing with people.

    See link for specific 'rules'.

    Buena suerte.

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