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I actually have a question. What's the difference between 는/은, 가/이, 를/을

Please be specific! I need to teach this to others on Soshified! I've gotten the hang of it but I need to make sure I explain it right!

For learning: Korean
Base language: English
Category: Language

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    는/은 is a particle for the topic; what we talk about, what this all about (and it can be a particle of a subject)
    ex: 저는 나이가 많아요. = I am old.
    ex: 그 사람은 정말 예뻐요. = That people is very beautiful.

    가/이 is a particle for the subject of a sentence
    ex: 비가 왔어요. = The rain fell/came.
    ex: 눈물이 흘러요. = The tears run down.

    를/을 is a particle for the object of a sentence
    ex: 자동차를 타요. = Ride a car.
    ex: 밥을 먹어요. = Eat rice.

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