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Lines from a very old poem.

 

مرحبا

ما فيني أفهم معنى الجملات التالية في مرثية قديمة

لَّما ضَاقَ بطنُ الأرضِ عنْ أنْ

يَضُمَّ علاك منْ بعدِ الوفاةِ

أصَاروا الجوَّ قبرَكَ و اسْتَعاضُوا

عنِ الأكفَانِ ثَوْبَ السَّافِياتِ

For what the earth crushed...شو يعني عنْ أنْ?
Held you after death

I don't understand this

أصاروا الجوَّ قبْرَكَ

أصاراو هو فعل بس ما بعرف شو يعني و ما بعرف معنى الجوَّ قبْرَكَ. بعرف أنه الجو منصوب لأنه

the object of أصاروا

But why does قبْرَكَ come after الجو because I know it can't be an إضافة because the first word is definite, so is the second word acting as an adjective?

I know the meanings of the words except for إصاروا which I can't find in the dictionary. I don't understand what it's root or pattern is

For learning: Arabic
Base language: Arabic
Category: Language

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    Best Answer - Chosen by the Asker
    This isn't a literal translation, but the general meaning of the lines is that after the addressee had died, he was too elevated to be buried in soil and to be contained within the depth of the earth. So the earth was too narrow to hold his grandeur. Therefore, they buried him in the air (made the air his grave), and instead of covering him in a burial shroud, they covered him with winds that carry fine sands.

    أصار هو فعل ثلاثي مزيد بحرف واحد وهو على وزن "أفعل". الزيادة هي حرف الألف في بداية الكلمة. المجرد الثلاثي هو "صار" بمعنى "أصبح" أو "تحول." وأصار الشيء تأتي بمعنى حوّل الشيء

    الفعل الثلاثي المزيد قد يزيد بحرف أو بحرفين أو بثلاثة أحرف

    كلمة "قبرك" ليس مضافة. هذه الجملة تحتوي على مفعول به أول ومفعول به ثان وكلاهما منصوب

    It's similar to English when a sentence has two objects; a direct object and an indirect object. It simply means "they made the air your grave" or "they transformed your tomb into air."

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