Site Feedback

Resolved questions
kong ko ako

can somebody explain to me what the difference between
Ako, ko, kong and
Ikaw, mo, mong, iyoung

When is it appropriate to use them?

For learning: Filipino (Tagalog)
Base language: English
Category: Other

Share:

0 comments

    Please enter between 2 and 2000 characters.

     

    Answers

    Sort by:

    Best Answer - Chosen by Voting
    Tagalog pronouns are divided into 3 categories: direct, indirect, oblique.

    Ako and ikaw/ka together with siya, fall under the Direct (singular).
    It marks the subject as the focus of the conversation.
    Nagbato ikaw/ka ng ballpen. = You tossed a ballpen. --> the focus is on "You"
    Ako ay si Green. = I am Green. --> the focus is on "I" me.


    Ko and mo together with niya, are under the Indirect (singular).
    It's a marker shifting the focus on the object instead.
    Binato mo yung ballpen. = You tossed the ballpen. --> the focus shifts on the ballpen itself.
    Sinalo ko yung ballpen. = I catched the ballpen.


    Iyo like akin and kaniya/kanya is under the Oblique (singular).
    It must be preceded by the place marker SA to indicate a beneficiary of an action.
    Binato mo yung ballpen sa akin. = You tossed the ballpen to me. --> I used "akin" (and not ako) to denote that I am the beneficiary of the action. Of course it must be preceded by "sa".
    Other examples:
    Regalo ko para sa iyo. = My gift for you.
    Nasa akin ang pera. = The money is with me.

    Moreover, oblique pronouns can be used as a genitive pronoun when SUCCEEDED by the word they modify, "sa" is omitted:
    Iyong ballpen = Your ballpen
    Aking bahay = My house

    *Kong and iyong are ko and iyo with the linker "-ng". When you see kong and iyong, you can be sure that they were used as genitives because of the presence "-ng" which is essential to link them to the words they modify.
    For more info about linkers, see: http://tagalog1.com/Lesson_View.asp?Lesson_ID=44


    Note that Indirect pronouns can ALSO act as genitive pronoun when PRECEDED by the word they modify:
    Green ang pangalan ko. = Green is my name. --> the focus shifts on "Green" which happens to be my name.
    Other examples:
    Ballpen mo = Your ballpen
    Bahay ko = My house

    Phew! I hope I made it clear. ;)

    @sharlalaw Another easier way to distinguish the use of indirect from direct pronouns is this:

    Let's use the rootword "kagat" = bite

    "nakagat" = bit unintentionally
    Nakagat ako = I was bitten
    Nakagat ko = I bit

    "kinagat" = bit intentionally
    Kinagat ikaw/ka = You were bitten
    Kinagat mo = You bit

    :)

    Submit your answer


    Please enter between 2 and 2000 characters.

    If you copy this answer from another italki answer page, please state the URL of where you got your answer from.

     

    More open questions for learning Filipino (Tagalog)