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What's the difference between この and これ?

I'm using the デスノート manga to help get into reading as I learn Japanese. There's a sentence that goes like this: このよはくさってる, meaning this world is rotten, and I realized I could use the same structure to make sentences like: このたべものはくさってる. But, I don't understand what the difference is with just using これ, or この. Thanks in advance for the help! ありがとうございます!

For learning: Japanese
Base language: English
Category: Language

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    Best Answer - Chosen by the Asker
    In short, この works as adjective and これ works as pronoun as well as その/それ, あの/あれ.

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