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Is 's used on daily conversation to mean 'van' ? I mean can 's used in Dutch as in English. Bedankt.

For learning: Dutch
Base language: Dutch
Category: Language

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    's can be several things:

    1. Possessive (John's shirt = Jans shirt; the car's windshield = de auto's ruit)
    2. Contraction (It's three o'clock = het is drie uur; He's seen me = hij heeft me gezien)
    3. It can NOT denote a shortened word like "eens" in Dutch. A classic mistake is the phrase "Spring is in the air." Many Dutch speakers might hear "Spring 's in de lucht." rather than "De lente zit in de lucht."

     

    's is only used to mean 'van' with personal names or family words that end in a, i, o, u, y, e (when pronounced as a long 'ee'). For example:

    Renee's boek
    Opa's bril

    It's not used when a name ends in a short 'e' or in a consonant. Instead, it becomes only an s without the apostrophe:

    Mariannes fiets
    Douwes school
    Martijns schoenen
    etc.

    When referring to other nouns, you wouldn't say "de auto's ruit". Rather, you'd say 'de ruit van de auto'. So no genetive with s or 's.

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