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Why are there two different ways to say numbers and how do you use both ways?

For learning: Korean
Base language: English
Category: Language

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    There are Native-korean numbers and Sino-korean numbers.



    NATIVE-KOREAN:

    01. 하나 (한 when followed by unit/ adjective form)
    02. 둘 (두 when followed by unit/ adjective form)
    03. 셋 (세 when followed by unit/ adjective form)
    04. 넷 (네 when followed by unit/ adjective form)
    05. 다섯
    06. 여섯
    07. 일곱
    08. 여덟
    09. 아홉
    10. 열
    20 - 스물; 30 - 서른; 40 - 마흔; 50 - 쉰; 60 - 예슨; 70 - 일흔; 80 - 여든; 90 - 아흔

    Native-korean is used with following counters:
    개 - THINGS IN GENERAL
    잔 - cups, cupful (of coffee/ tea)
    장 - paper, tickets (paper-like things)
    번 - "times" ( e.g. Seen a move 3rd times)
    벌 - piece of clothing
    분 - PEOPLE (formal)
    명 - PEOPLE (informal)
    살 - YEARS OLD
    해 - years
    달 - months
    시 - HOURS
    시간 - hours (duration) (in counting)
    대 - VEHICLES
    권 - books
    병 - bottles
    마리 - animals

    Most important ones are written in uppercase.
    When talking about AGE, hours (only hour NOT minutes and seconds), things and PEOPLE.

    Also for COUNTING in 1st, 2nd, 3rd... etc. manner, to already mentioned numbers you need to add 째 and sometimes 번째:
    1st - 첫 (번)째*
    2nd - 두 (번)째
    3rd - 세 (번)째
    10th - 열 (번)째
    36th - 서른여섯 (번)째




    SINO-KOREAN:

    01. 일
    02. 이
    03. 삼
    04. 사
    05. 오
    06. 육
    07. 칠
    08. 팔
    09. 구
    10. 십

    100 - 백
    1 000 - 천
    10 000 - 만
    100 000 000 - 억

    Used with:
    일 - days
    월 - month
    개월 - months (duration)
    년 - years
    분 - minutes
    초 - seconds
    충 - Nth floor
    동 - buildings

    As for COUNTING in 1st, 2nd, 3rd... etc. manner, you need to add 제 before a numbers:
    1st - 제 일
    2nd - 제 이
    3rd - 제 삼
    10th - 제 십

    one way is sino korean and the other is traditional korean.

    sino is: 일 이 삼 사 오 육 칠 발 구 싶

    traditional is : 하나 둘 셋 넷 다섯 여섯 이걸 여덜 아홉 열 (I'm not quite sure of the spelling)

    I also am not quite sure of the correct times to use which version. I do know that sino korean numbers are similar to the chinese numbers. Sorry i couldn't be more help.

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