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What is the difference between type 2 and type 3 ( if clauses) ?

Could you explain this distinction please?

For learning: English
Base language: English
Category: Language

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    Are you asking about the conditionals?

    -If I studied hard, I would pass the exam. (here you've still got the chance to study hard and pass the exam)

    - If I had studied hard, I would have passed the exam. (the 3rd conditional refers to the PAST, so now there's no more chance to study for that exam, because you already did it )

    Type 1: If I HAVE time, I WILL visit you. (Maybe I will have time. I do not know at this moment.)

    Type 2: If I HAD time (I do not have time, for I am always working), I WOULD visit you. (So I am not going to visit you. Sorry.)

    Type 3. If I HAD HAD time last week (I did not, for I had to work), I WOULD HAVE VISITED you. (So I did not visit you last week. Please forgive me.)


    *****

    If I have $100, I will lend it to you. Let me check my wallet right now.

    If I had $100, I would lend it to you. But I cannot lend it, for I do not have $100.

    If I had had $100 last week, I would have lent it to you. But last week, I did not have $100, so that is the reason that I did not lend you the money. Please don't be angry with me.

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