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Hello, how to distinguish between female and male form, in Arabic? thank you ever so much

For learning: Arabic
Base language: English
Category: Language



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    I forgot to mention the feminine marks:
    1- ة (at the end of nouns and adjectives)
    طبيب : doctor
    طبيبة : female doctor.
    ماهر : skillful.
    ماهرة : skillful (femaile)
    2- اء (only at the end of adjectives).
    أحمر : red (male).
    حمراء : red (female).
    أعمى : blind (male).
    عمياء : blind (female).
    3- ى (the "most" female adjectives)
    كبرى : the biggest
    قصرى : the shortest
    Note: this doesn't work for all adjectives, like in english when you can't say "beautifullest".
    Now l'll annoy you with verbs. I'll use the verb يكتب =to write:
    Male past: كتب = he wrote.
    Female past: كتبت = she wrote.
    Male present: يكتب = he writes / is writing.
    Female present: تكتب = she writes / is writing.
    Male imperative: اكتب = write!
    Female imperative: اكتب (pronounced with a slight ي at the end) = write! (Asking a female to write).


    You can have a look to this video I made before. It's a tutoring about the Arabic word Categories.
    There, I explain about the masculine and the feminine nouns.


    I am sorry I forgot to put the link:

    Female usually ends in ة and male doesn't. Of course there are exceptions like in any language, so sometimes you will just have to memorize if the word is or isn't female.

    Actually, there is no problem in distinguishing between male and female for animate objects (humanbeings &animals).
    علي : a man's name (male).
    فاطمة : a woman's name (female).
    أسد : the male lion (male).
    لبؤة : the female lion (female).
    1-Some men's names end with "ة" (the feminene mark), but they are still treated as male, because they are men's names as well.
    Ex: حمزة ، حيدرة / أسامة / عكاشة
    2-And some women's names doesen't end with the feminine mark "ة", but they are treated as female names.
    Ex: سعاد، أمل، إيمان، صفاء
    But for inanimate objects, i'm afraid that there is no rule, and you'll have to memorize. But if the word ends with ة ( like in طاولة =table ), then it is considered female.
    شمس : the sun (female).
    قمر : the moon (male).
    كرسي : chair (male).
    طاولة : table (female).
    Plants are mostly treated as female.
    نخلة : palm tree.
    شجرة : tree.
    وردة/زهرة : flower

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