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What is the difference between 可以 and 能? Or can I use any of them?

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I forgot to add 会!

For learning: Chinese (Mandarin)
Base language: English
Category: Language

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    Do you have more concrete example about 可以and能?

    They both mean can, be able to do something. For example:
    我能吃下3个苹果。我可以吃下3个苹果。

    But 可以 has more meanings. For example, it can mean be permitted to do something.
    我已经18岁了,我可以看各种限制级的电影。
    I am over 18, so I am permitted to watch restricted movies.

     

    会 : 1、skills eg : 我会写汉字。
    2、possible eg : 明天会下雨吗?
    3、will eg : 我明天会去北京。

    能:1、restrict eg : 你不能这么做。
    2、capability eg: 他能说很多国家的语言。

    可以: 1、suggestion eg: 你可以和朋友一起解决这个问题。
    2、allow eg: 我可以用你的笔吗?

    a)‘能’表示具备某种能力或达到某种效率,‘会’表示学得某种本领。初次学会某种动作用‘会’,恢复某种能力用‘能’,如小弟弟会走路了│他病好了,能下床了。具备某种技能可以用‘能’,也可以用‘会’,如:能写会算。达到某种效率,用‘能’,不用‘会’,如:她一分钟能打一百五十字。b)名词前面文言可以用‘能’,白话只用‘会’,如:能诗善画│会英文│会象棋。c)跟‘不…不’组成双重否定,‘不能不’表示必须,‘不会不’表示一定,如:你不能不来啊!│他不会不来的。在疑问或揣测的句子里都表示可能,如:他不能(会)不答应吧?d)对于尚未实现的自然现象的推测,用‘能(够)’,不用‘可(以)’,如:这雨能下长么?e)用在跟某些动词结合表示被动的可能性时,用‘可’,不用‘能’,如:我们是不可战胜的

    (from 现代汉语词典, the most authoritative dictionary on modern Chinese)

    I agree with Matt, here I will give you some instance follow Matt's answer:
    会means have the skills of doing something thought studies, 能and 会 means be able to do something
    我可以 /能问你个问题吗?In this sentence, 可以 and 能 means be allowed to do something
    我可以/能理解你说的话。Here, 能 and 可以 means be able to do something. without study , so you can't use 会 in this sentence
    如果你走了,我会很难过的。 if you go away, i will be sad. Something will happen in the specific context.

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