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Help with this words please

I'm really confused on whats the exactly meaning, or when should I used the words that comes from a verb like ذاهب ، مسافر، قادم...are they nouns? I saw many cases like it, But i really don't know how to use them such:
أنا ذاهب إلى المسجد
أنا قادم من ليبيا
أنت مسافر من البلدان العربية
أريد مشاهدة الشقة

For learning: Arabic
Base language: English
Category: Language

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    Best Answer - Chosen by the Asker
    we have something in Arabic's grammer called balances أوزان awzan, search about them it will help you a lot :)

    simply,, we have derivatives of verbs,, so from verbs we can get somethings

    so what we do is come with the verb in its origin root, adding to it one or two letters and the result will be derivative word indicate for something,,,

    for ex. we have : اسم فاعل>>> describe who had made the verb ( قادم ، ذاهب ،مسافر )
    & اسم مفعول >>> describe the thing or the verb (مشاهدة)

    so اسم فاعل you add أ after the first letter of the root of the verb (must be 3 letter) like ذهب___ ذاهب ،،، قدم____قادم and from the sentence you will get the time of the verb(future,past or present ).

    ****note: if the root of the verb was >3 letters,,,, you will add mu (مُــــ) as a first letter and break the pre last letter >> سافر .... مُــسافِـــر
    _________________________________________
    the same thing to اسم مفعول >>>

    أكل >> مأكول
    فعل >> مفعول
    3-21-<< 321 notice the addition of m & o (م & و) ^_^

    شرب>> مشروب
    فعل >> مفعول

    note: ^_^ in this case verb's root with >3 letters>> we add m (مُــ) as first letter and open the pre last letter >>> شاهد .... مُـــشاهَـــدة

    I HOPE it is easy now :)

    it's can be noun or adjective
    قادم = comer/coming
    ذاهب = going
    مسافر = traveler/traveling
    verbs are يقدم/قدم ، يذهب/ذهب ، يسافر/سافر

    أنا ذاهب إلى المسجد
    I'm going to the mosque.
    أنا قادم من ليبيا
    I'm comer/coming from Libya.
    أنت مسافر من البلدان العربية
    You traveler/traveling from Arab countries.
    أريد مشاهدة الشقة
    I want to watch the apartment.

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