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what's the difference between raten and beraten in german?

For learning: German
Base language: English
Category: Language

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      OOPT

    "raten" ist so ähnlich wie "vorschlagen". Meistens steht "raten" im Zusammenhang mit einem Problem bzw. einer Problemlösung.
    Zum Beispiel: Ich versuche, meinen Computer zu reparieren. Mein Freund rät mir, lieber in einen Elektronikmarkt zu fahren, bevor ich noch mehr kaputt mache.

    "beraten" bedeutet "informieren über Vor- und Nachteile". Zum Beispiel: Im Elektronikmarkt berät mich der Verkäufer. Ich sage ihm, was ich brauche, und er zeigt mir verschiedene Computer.
    In general, the prefix be- makes the verb transitive, intensifies the meaning and shifts focus to the direct object. Often the verb with be- can acquire a completely new meaning over time.

    As Nina has said:

    jemandem etwas raten = counsel s.b., help s.b. by explaining your opinion on some issue. A bit old fashioned.

    jemanden beraten = explain s.th. to s.o. in detail from a position of superior knowledge. Not old fashioned

    There's also another (at first glance unrelated) meaning:

    etwas raten (no dative object!) = to guess s.th.

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