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In Italian, how can you distinguish 't' and 'd' when pronouncing?

My teacher tells me that 't' has to be pronounced like /d/ and 'p' like /b/,which makes me feel strange.
In this case,when she speaks,I always mix 'qaundo' and 'qaunto' up.
I listen to some radios and songs, they do usually pronounce 'tutto' like /duddo/,but sometimes not.
It is really confusing. Can you help me with this?

还有一个问题就是,我上过好几个意大利语老师的课,现在的老师和之前一个大学的教授都是这样叫我们发音的,
但是另外两个老师,一个是意大利的导游,一个是留学生都把这两个音分的很清楚。现在我非常困惑这个问题!
这到底是口音问题还是什么?

Il mio insegnante mi dice che 't' deve essere pronunciato come / d / e 'p' come / b /, che mi fa sentire strano.
In questo caso, quando parla, ho sempre mix 'qaundo' e 'qaunto' su.
Ascolto alcune radio e canzoni, che fanno di solito pronunciano 'Tutto' come / Duddo /, ma a volte no.
E 'davvero confusa. Mi potete aiutare con questo?


THANKS
GRAZIE
谢谢

For learning: Italian
Base language: English
Category: Language

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    Per produrre la /t/ la lingua deve essere appoggiata sulla parte bassa del
    dente incisivo superiore.

    Per produrre la /d/ la lingua deve essere appoggiata sulla parte
    alta del dente incisivo superiore e deve essere piu` piatta che per la /t/;
    si puo` anche dire una /d/ con la lingua sullla gengiva (sempre dello stesso dente!).

     

    La fisica del suono segue al 100 % la meccanica della sua produzione.
    L'alternativa e` un nastro magnetico, oppure un interprete che ci segue ad ogni passo.

     

    /p/ e /b/ sono molto diverse!
    Per dire la /p/ devi produrre una vera 'esplosione' di aria e per dire la /b/ devi
    soltanto 'soffiare' un po` di aria. Metti una mano oppure una piuma davanti alla bocca, esercitati e verifica quello che ti ho detto.
    Le labbra si devono aprire, la lingua non si muove, e` un moimento in pratica di un bacio affettuoso.

     

    Hi there!!
    /d/ - /t/ and /b/ - /p/ are two couples of voiced-unvoiced consonants (the same goes for /k/ -/g/.)
    this means that, as far as the position of tongue and teeth is concerned, there is no difference between the way you pronounce /d/ and /t/ or /p/ and /b/, what changes are the vocal cords. In voiced consonants, /d/ and /b/ your vocal cords vibrate when producing the sound. they don't vibrate when you are producing the sounds /t/ and /p/, which are unvoiced. You should be able to feel your cords vibrate with your hand on your neck when pronouncing /d/ and /b/ sounds.
    As for pronunciation, even if it is not an Italian website, I found the BBC pronunciation section very useful, there are videos that explain you the difference between English sounds, some of which are the same you can find in Italian, here is the t-d video video:http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/grammar/pron/sounds/con_voiceless_2.shtml

    Hope this helped out! :)

    watch more Italian movies and you'll hear how exactly they pronounce sounds

     

    There is DEFINITELY a difference in the letters, both in Italian and in English. The sounds are clearly differentiable in most cases, and you should learn to tell them apart. It might take you some time, but keep it up.

    What might help you is also to find someone that speaks your own language who has understood it and to explain it to you, as they have overcome this obstacle already.

    One thing that might help is this:

    The T and P are hard, the D and B are soft.

    The T and the P can be pronounced even WITHOUT vocal cords.
    Whereas the correspondent D and B do REQUIRE vocal cord sounds, they cannot be pronounced without.

    So try first practicing the T and P with just the explosive part, without the vocal cord part, they have a very hard explosive sound. The explosive sound is FIRST in the T and P, a vocal part may follow the explosive part but not necessarily.

    To pronounce the D and B you will find that it is impossible without vocal cords. The sound of the D and B starts within the mouth itself, and from the vocal cords also, the gentle explosive part FOLLOWS, does not precede the sound. And it is a SOFT explosive action.
    (The D and B have a soft sound almost like when the nose is plugged)

    I hope this helps. Do a lot of listening, perhaps find something written in Italian that is also read by somebody and listen to them reading while you see the words and you notice how they pronounce them. Maybe get an audio-book with a printed copy that you can read.

    Just don't get discouraged, learning languages takes time, and you will just improve more and more as you keep going at it. : )

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