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"why" in japanese

the words:

they all mean why, right?
but do you use them at different times?

For learning: Japanese
Base language: English
Category: Language



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    Best Answer - Chosen by the Asker
    In many circumstances, they could all mean "why," but there are often slight differences in nuance and in the level of formality.

    "Nande" literally means "with what," meaning approximately "for what reason."
    "Doushite" literally means "how to do," or "how so" and therefore "why."
    "Naze" is the most formal way to say "why" and only means "why," whereas the other expressions could meaning something else depending on the context.

    For example: Naze kimashita ka? (Always means "why did you come?")
    However, "Nande kimashita ka?" could mean "with what transportation did you come?"
    "Doushite kimashita ka?" could also mean "how did you manage to come?" (i.e., what did you do to get here?)

    The words (nande, doushite, and naze) may have a similar meanings out-of-context, why; however because they are used different times, it may be advantageous to interpret their meaning case-by-case. Take the case of “~DESU” for example. What you will notice is that not all words can be used without breaking the rules. In particular, the phrase “NANDE-DESU” doesn’t exist, at least that my perspective what I think. Hope that was of some help.

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