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日本語 Negative Verb Conjugations

入る ➨ 入らない
しゃべる ➨ しゃべない
切る ➨ 切らない
帰る ➨ 帰らない

I've having difficulties in this section, can anybody please explain to me how this works?
Or does the い became ら in this case?

Additional Details:

* = exceptions particular to this conjugation

Conjugation rules for negative verbs
For ru-verbs: Drop the 「る」 and attach 「ない」
Example: 食べる + ない = 食べない

*For u-verbs that end in 「う」: Replace 「う」 with 「わ」 and attach 「ない」

Example: 買う + わ + ない = 買わない
For all other u-verbs: Replace the u-vowel sound with the a-vowel equivalent and attach 「ない」

Example: 待つ + た = 待たない

する → しない
くる → こない
*ある → ない

For learning: Japanese
Base language: Japanese
Category: Language



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    Best Answer - Chosen by the Asker
    入る、しゃべる、切る、帰るare U-verb, not RU-verb.

    So, just like other U-verbs, replace 'u' with 'a' , then attach ない。That's why you get ら(ra)。

    はいる はいらない
    hair-u ---- > hair-a-nai

    Btw, しゃべない is incorrect. It should be しゃべらない。

    I am not sure what your question is exactly.... These are all Godan verbs (Group 1, U-Verbs) and you conjugate them to the plain negative by changing the る to ら and adding ない.
    Please note: しゃべる ➨しゃべらない.

    With conjugation, you just just have to learn what type of verb the ones that end in る are because there are exceptions to the rules (like the examples you have given above).

    As Jared-san said, ru of 食べる and 入る[はいる] aren't the same. Ru of はいる is as same as the one of しゃべる、切る、帰る、乗る、etc. The verb 食べる conjugates irregularly but はいる、しゃべる、切る、帰る、乗る、etc conjugate with the change of らりるれろ.


    I hope you can understand a bit better than before. If you still have any doubt, please let me know.

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