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Mitä "pakkasta" ja "pilvista" tarvoittavat?

Are these words adverbs?
And how can I make adverbs from nouns and adjectives? Or should I just learn them by heart?

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I've searched a little and made a conclusion:

I had sentences: On pilvista.(It's cloudy) On sumuista.(It's foggy) On pakkasta. On selkeää.
Then I found that these words have their initial forms (Nominatiivi): pilvinen, sumuinen, pakkanen, selkeä.
And they're used in these sentences in Partitiivi-case.

So why do we use them like that? Is it a special function of Partitiivi?

For learning: Finnish
Base language: English
Category: Language

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    "Or should I just learn them by heart?" Ei.

    Jos haluat käyttää nominatiivia, silloin pitää sanoa: on pilvinen aamu, on sumuinen yö...

    So why do we use them like that? Is it a special function of Partitiivi?

    Edellä mainitusta syystä ja muodostuneen sanontatavan vuoksi.

    Mitä "pakkasta" ja "pilvista" tarKoittavat?

    "Pakkasta" means "below zero" . For instance: On kymmenen astetta pakkasta. The temperature is ten degrees below zero.
    "Pilvistä" means "cloudy".
    It is "pilvistä", not "pilvista".

    These words are adjectives and are used in the partitive case, in order to describe weather conditions. However, you can also use nominatiivi if you say for instance "it's a cloudy day" ("on pilvinen päivä").

    Take a look here: http://www.uusikielemme.fi/weather.html

    :-)

    Marina

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