Site Feedback

Resolved questions
endings of "inglese" when used as an adjective

Just studying my Italian Grammar Book regarding the use of nationalities as adjectives, particularly " inglese "
It states :
Italian adjectives ending in -e can describe/qualify both masculine and feminine nouns.However the plural
endings of these adjectives follow the same rules as nouns ending in -e
This is a little confusing for me
OK so using "inglese" as an adjective
would you say based on the above rules of grammar as stated:
The English man = .L'uomo inglese
The English woman = La donna inglese
and in plural form
The English girls = le ragazze inglesi
The English boys = I ragazzi inglesi
The English cars = le machine inglesi

Also if for instance you meet an Italian woman for the first time
is it correct you say.....italiana lei ?
and would it be ....inglese lei ......... for an English woman

Thanks in advance for your help

For learning: Italian
Base language: English
Category: Language



    Please enter between 2 and 2000 characters.



    Sort by:

    Best Answer - Chosen by the Asker
    Hi Ronnie,
    the way you are using the adjective "inglese" is correct.

    In italian we have 3 types of adjectives:

    adjectives with 4 endings
    these ones changes in number and gender:
    il ragazzo è simpatico
    la ragazza è simpatica
    i ragazzi sono simpatici
    le ragazze sono simpatiche

    adjectives with 2 endings
    these ones changes only in number, and ends only with "e" (for singular) and "i" (for plural)
    il ragazzo è intelligente
    la ragazza è intelligente
    i ragazzi sono intelligenti
    le ragazze sono intelligenti

    adjectives with 1 ending
    there are few adjectives that have just one ending, most of them are colours
    le scarpe sono viola (blu, rosa)

    "inglese" works as an adjective with 2 endings
    instead "italiano" works as an adjective with 4 endings

    About asking nationality, you inflected in the right way those adjectives, but you have to use the verb "essere", so you can say:
    lei è italiana? / lei è inglese?
    è italiana lei? / è inglese lei?
    the difference is about what you are highlight, in the first one is the nationality, in the second one the person.

    I hope this can help
    The usage of inglese, inglesi in your examples is correct (except "macchina").

    As for asking, you can ask "Lei è italiana?" (are you italian?) and she will ask "Lei è inglese?"


    yeah, you're right.
    adjectives and nouns ending in -e turn into -i in the plural (both masculine and feminine).
    l'uomo francese (the French man=masc.sing.), la donna francese (the French woman =fem.sing.)
    gli uomini francesi (the French men= masc. plur.), le donne francesi (the French women)

    It's the same for other kinds of adj. and nouns:
    adj. FELICE (masc. and fem. sing)/ FELICI (masc. and fem. plur.)= HAPPY
    noun IL PIEDE (masc. sing)/ I PIEDI (masc. plur.)= THE FOOT/FEET
    noun LA VOLPE (fem. sing,)/ LE VOLPI (fem. plur.) = THE FOX/FOXES

    Don't forget to put the verb in the question:
    Lei è inglese?

    I hope this short explanation can help you! ;-)

    Submit your answer

    Please enter between 2 and 2000 characters.

    If you copy this answer from another italki answer page, please state the URL of where you got your answer from.