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cuándo debo usar es o está?

cuándo debo usar es o está?

For learning: Spanish
Base language: Spanish
Category: Other

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    Hola !
    "The apple is green" ( the apple isn't ripe )= "La manzana ESTÁ verde" = condition
    "The apple is green" ( the color of the apple is green ) = "La manzana ES verde" = essence
    In English, the verb "to be" can be used to tell how something is (the condition) and what something is (the essence).
    How is the apple? = Cómo está la manzana ?
    It is unripe. = Está verde ( No está madura )
    What color is the apple? = De qué color es la manzana ?
    It is green. = Es verde ( La manzana es de color verde )
    In Spanish, a different verb is used to express "to be" depending on whether the speaker intends to address a condition or an essential quality.
    To address condition, use ESTAR (it's an irregular verb )
    If you are talking about how something is, use ESTAR = to indicate a state or condition, often one resulting from a change: "Estoy muy triste" = I am very sad.
    To indicate location: "Estamos en casa" = We are at home.
    Preceding DE to form various idioms of condition or state: "Estamos de viaje" = We are on a trip.
    With a present participle to form a progressive tense: "Él está cantando" = He is singing.
    If you are talking about what something is, use SER.
    To indicate existence, and with adjectives to indicate inherent, innate or essential characteristics: " La casa es grande" = The house is big.
    To indicate origin, nature or identity: "Soy de Argentina" = I'm from Argentina.
    To indicate possession or ownership, either literal or figurative: "Es mi casa" = It is my house.
    With past participles to form passive voice.
    To tell time and to indicate where an event takes place.
    Also in impersonal statements: "Es importante" = It is important.

    If you need more information about the use of SER and ESTAR, please tell me, I can send to you a few grammar texts about this topic.
    Best wishes
    Sofía

    Usas "ser" cuando hablas de un estado permanente, por ejemplo: Es guapo, simpático, amable.
    Usas "estar" cuando es algo que es puntual, no permanente. Por ejemplo: está enfermo, triste (sth bad has happened to him, but he is not normally a sad man)

    Esto es la diferencia principal. Hay otros casos donde la regla no se plica. Por ejemplo:
    "Ser" cuando indica el origen o procedencia de algo o alguien: Es de Brasil, es típico de esa zona

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