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What is the difference between 上げる、上がる、上る?

What is the difference between 上げる、上がる、上る?
Also, how about 下げる and 下がる?

For learning: Japanese
Base language: English
Category: Language

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    In Japanese, a large number of verbs come in transitive/intransitive pairs. English has a few similar pairs: to fall / to fell s.th., to lie / to lay s.th., to sit / to set s.th., etc. The transitive verbs usually have a "causative" flavor (to fell a tree = to make a tree fall).

    So:
    Xを上げる (transitive), 上がる (intransitive)
    Xを下げる (transitive), 下がる (intransitive)

    上る is just another way to write 登る (noboru), so it's a different verb.

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