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Confused with ~는 것

 

Hello everyone, help me please with my task, i need to describe the word 칠판 without using this word on the sentence, and people should guess what it is.
학생들이 보는 것을 공부해요. - i wanted to say "Students study when watching on this thing"
and other my try for word 선물:
사람들이 중요한 이것을 우리가 줍니다. "People give us this important thing"

Im pretty sure that, its wrong, but please correct me i will appreciate it, thanks

For learning: Korean
Base language: English
Category: Language

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    Best Answer - Chosen by the Asker
    Hello : ) Maybe I can answer your questions haha understand my poor English :D

    칠판- 학교에서 선생님이 학생들에게 가르칠때 분필과 함께 사용하는 것
    (Teachers use it with chalk when they teach their students at school.)
    선물- 소중한 사람에게 주고싶은것, or 축하해주고 싶을때 주는것
    (Want to give it to your important person or dear? or Want to give it when you want to celebrate someone)

    Can you understand it? I`m sorry I`m not good at English : (
    Have a nice day!

     

    The word "이 것" or "이것" refers to "this thing" or "this(pronoun)" in English. it consists of the prenoun "이", referring to a demostrative adjective "this", and the noun "것", reffering to "thing" in English.

    Students study when watching on this thing. What is this?
    학생들은 (칠판)을 보고 공부를 해요.
    학생들은 이것을 보고 공부를 해요. 이것은 무엇일까요?

    This is something that people give someone on a special occasion or in a gratitude. What is this?
    이것은 사람들이 감사의 뜻으로 또는 특별한 경우에 누군가에게 주는 것이에요. 이것은 무엇일까요?

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