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Is ета used before every noun: masculine and feminine? Спасибо.

For learning: Russian
Base language: English
Category: Language

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    Эта- it is demonstrative pronoun for female gender. Эта женшина меня любит.
    this woman loves me
    Это- for neuter gender. Это озеро глубокое . this lake is deep.
    Это- may regard to sentence that pint before. У нас не было денег. Но ЭТО нас не смутило. we have no money , but that did not disturb us ]
    Этот - male gender. Этот парень говорит чушь. this guy says damn stuff
    Demonstrative pronouns have to agree with nouns they point to in gender and number
    Plural number for Это, Этот , Эта is the same-ЭТИ

    I suppose, you've heard this эта from somebody in oral form.

    unstressed vowels are pronounced in reduced form. In a Moscow Russian (that is, the one you could hear on Russian TV) there're no or virtually no distinction between unstressed а/о.
    Unstressed e/и after a consonant sound similarly as well. Read some phonetic transcriptions somewhere to get the idea.

    Northern dialects, though, still make some distinction.
    The habit to pronounce unstressed 'o' as [o] and 'a' as [a] is called 'okanye',
    while the habit to reduce them both into [ʌ] immediately before the stress and into [ə] at other positions is called 'akanye'

    So корова 'cow': [kʌ'rovə]. Корова with okanye would be [korova] (or maybe [korovʌ]? Don't sure)
    Это, эта, этот end with [..ə] or [..ət] respectively.

    English and Gaelic also reduce vowels a lot, so there's no problem here.
    Northern speech perceived as funny but still rather pleasant, while Romance practice to clearly pronounce All the vowels in their languages is purely pleasant. So again, no problem here)

    You may further consult English Wikipedia for 'akanye' or 'vowel reduction in Russian'.

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