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Question on asking/giving directions

1) When do I use 'zum' or 'nach' as 'to'?
For example, "Wie kommer ich zum Museum?" / "Wie komme ich nach Hannover?"

2) How does this sentence "Gehen Sie über den Fußgängerüberweg" translate as "Take the crosswalk" in English? I can't seem to connect the words in German to English.

Also, what is a crosswalk?

Thanks in advance

For learning: German
Base language: English
Category: Language

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    Best Answer - Chosen by Voting
    Hello,

    The best thing for you to know is that phrases can't always be translated word by word. Thus:

    Gehen Sie über den Fußgängerüberweg - is translated correctly. By the way: A better translation for "Fußgängerüberweg" is "Zebrastreifen"

    b) zum = zu + dem - this is a preposition + an article, and it is only used with male and neuter nouns:

    Ich gehe / fahre zum Bäcker / zum Museum / zum Theater /zum Arzt

    c) nach is used with towns and countries that don't take an article

    Ich fliege / fahre nach Madrid /nach Rom / nach Italien /nach Spanien - ect.

    BUT:

    die USA: Ich fliege IN DIE USA.

    der Iran: Marco fliegt IN DEN Iran.

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