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difference ese/esa/eso


All three mean 'that'.

I think the difference between them are:

Ese=> Masculine e.g. ese hombre

Esa=> feminine e.g esa mujer

Eso=> used for referring to something outside of the sentence e.g quiero eso

Is this correct?

For learning: Spanish
Base language: English
Category: Language



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    Best Answer - Chosen by the Asker
    Your assumptions are mostly correct.

    Ese means "that", and as you said it is masculine. It can be used as an adjective and also as a noun.

    Ese día = that day. (demonstrative adjective)
    Ese auto = that car. (demonstrative adjective)
    Ese es más grande = that one is bigger. (demonstrative noun)

    Eso also means "that". The main difference is that "eso" can only be used as a noun, never as an adjective. You cannot say "eso auto". "Eso" should always be the subject performing the action.

    Eso es bueno = that is good.
    Eso tiene muchas caracterísiticas positivas = that has a lot of positive features.

    Esa is the feminine of "eso" and it can be used as a noun ans as an adjective.

    Esa casa es grande = that house is big. (demonstrative adjective)
    Esa idea me gusta = I like that idea. (demonstrative adjective).
    Esa es mejor = that one is better (demonstrative noun).

    Additional information, the counterparts of "ese, eso, esa" meaning "that" are "este, esto, esta", meaning "this". "Este" and "esta" may be used as nouns or adjectives, just as "ese" and "esa". "Esto" may only be used as a noun, just as "eso".

    I hope this answers your question.

    Sounds correct to me. :)

    I try to explain.
    In spanish are three degrees of distance.

    For the 1st (objects near the person speaking or closely associated with the speaker.) :
    Masculine: este
    Femenine: esta

    For the 2nd (objects near the person spoken to or closely associated with the persons addressed):
    Masculine: ese
    Femenine: esa

    For the 3rd (objects away from both the speaker and the person spoken to or to indicate remoteness with no reference to real space) :
    Masculine: aquel
    Femenine: aquella

    We use neutral form (esto, eso, aquello), when we don't know the gender

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