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How to read and write Korean hangul?


I am completely new to Korean and I am looking at the charcters ( not sure what the term is for them in Korean sorry)
It looks so confusing. I have seen all the korean vowels and Consonants on thier own in a chart, but i am confused as to how they turn into the words?

PLease could anyone give me some advice on how the korean writing system works please. It does not look like you write the words syllable by syllable next to each other like in english or Japanese right?

how do you read it too?

I have installed Korean fonts onto the computer but no idea how it will work.

Sorry I am not explaning this very well am i lol!

For learning: Korean
Base language: English
Category: Uncategorized



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    Best Answer - Chosen by the Asker
    it is hard to explain it in Englis, but i try.

    ㄱ ㄴ ㄷ ㄹ ㅁ ㅂ ㅅ ㅇ ㅈ ㅊ ㅋ ㅌ ㅍ ㅎ ㅃ ㅉ ㄸ ㄲ ㅆ- they are consonats
    ㅏ ㅑ ㅓ ㅕ ㅗ ㅛ ㅜ ㅠ ㅡ ㅣ- these are vowels.

    usually we need one velow and one consonant to make one syllable.
    for example. 가, 갸, 거, 겨, 고, 교, 구, 규, 그, 기 - each is one syllable.

    However, two consonants and one vowel also can be one syllable.
    for examlpe, 각, 간, 갇, 갈, 감, 갑, 갓, 강, 갖, 갗, 같, 갚, 갛, - each is also one syllable.

    In addition, one consonant and two vowel can also be one syllable.
    For example, 개(ㄱ + ㅏ +ㅣ), 걔(ㄱ + ㅑ + ㅣ) 게(ㄱ + ㅓ +ㅣ) 계(ㄱ + ㅕ+ㅣ)
    과(ㄱ+ ㅗ+ㅏ) 괴(ㄱ+ㅗ+ㅣ) 귀(ㄱ+ㅜ+ㅣ) 궈(ㄱ+ㅜ+ㅓ) 궤(ㄱ+ㅜ+ㅔ)

    two consotants and two vowel also make one syllable.
    For example, 곽(ㄱ+ㅗ+ㅏ+ㄱ) 관(ㄱ+ㅗ+ㅏ+ㄴ) 괌(ㄱ+ ㅗ+ㅏ+ㅁ) 괄(ㄱ+ㅗ+ㅏ+ㄹ)

    so~~ combining syllables will be one words.
    for example, 안녕하세요.(It means Hello in Korean) - this word is a five-syllable word.

    hi how ru will this help


    now i will talk about how to organize a sentence.
    we have a different organization with English.
    when you make a sentence in English, we should normally write or say this order which has "subject + (adverb) + verb +(adjective) + object + preposition phrase."
    However, when you write or say in Korean, you should organize this oder which has "subject+ (adjtive)+object + preposition phrase + verb." - Verb must be at the end of the sentence.

    For example, 저는 베스입니다. (I am Beth) - 저는( I ) - subject / 입니다(am)- verb / 베스(Beth) -noun/complement
    In Korean, 저는(subject) 베스(complement-noun) 입니다(linking verb).
    In English, I(subject) am(linking verb) Beth(complement-noun).
    you can see the differences between them.

    I give you another example.
    저는 한국 음식을 좋아합니다. (I like Koran food.) -
    저는( I )- subject/ 좋아합니다(like)- verb/ 한국 음식을( Korean food)-object
    In Korean, 저는(object) 한국 음식을(object) 좋아합니다(transitive verb).
    In Englsih, I(sbject) like(transitive verb) Korean food(object).
    You can also see the differences between them.

    Now i'm going to tell you how to use your computer keybord
    if you see your keybord, each key is written by a vowel or a consonant.
    (I hope you understand what i am talking about, it is more hard to explain.^^ anyway..)
    the order in your keyboard is like that as follow. - just look at your keyboard.
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
    Q W E R T Y U I O P
    A S D F G H J K L
    Z X C V B N M

    maybe your keyboard doen't have Koran letters.
    Korean keyboard is organized like that as follow.
    ㅂ/ㅃ(Q) ㅈ/ㅉ(W) ㄷ/ㄸ(E) ㄱ/ ㄲ(R) ㅅ/ㅆ(T) ㅛ( Y) ㅕ(U) ㅑ(I) ㅐ/ㅒ(O ) ㅔ/ㅖ(P)
    ㅁ(A) ㄴ(S) ㅇ(D) ㄹ(F) ㅎ(G) ㅗ(H) ㅓ(J) ㅏ(K) ㅣ(L)
    ㅋ(Z) ㅌ(X) ㅊ(C) ㅍ(V) ㅠ(B) ㅜ(N) ㅡ(M)

    "Q" key in your keyboard makes ㅂ or ㅃ in Korean.
    in case of ㅂ/ㅃ, one key makes two consonents.
    if you just press Q, It will write ㅂ in your screen.
    However, if you press "Shift" with "Q", it will show ㅃ in your screen.

    ㅈ/ㅉ(W) ㄷ/ㄸ(E) ㄱ/ ㄲ(R) ㅅ/ㅆ(T) ㅐ/ㅒ(O ) ㅔ/ㅖ(P) -these keys must be used with "Shift" key

    For example, if you want to wirte 나(this word means I(pronoun) in English), you must press "S"key(ㄴ) and "K"key(ㅏ).
    or if you want to write 잘(this word means well(adverb) in English, you must press "W"key(ㅈ), "K"key(ㅏ), and "F"key(ㄹ).

    it is a very long comment, isn't it?
    i wish you could understand them clearly.
    please understand even though i make English grammar mistakes.
    if you have any questions, please just feel free to ask me.
    or let's meet msn to talk about it.
    i'm glad to explain it to you.
    i wish you could be satisfied with it.

    best regards
    from. JODY

    I wouldn't use the Romanization of Korean here.

    The most basic syllable : One consonant + one vowel : ㄴ + ㅏ (N + Ah) = 나 (Nah) I/me

    One consonant + double vowels(just one vowel + one vowel)
    ...........O........... ├┤
    ⇒ 왜 why
    (You can say this to your close friend who allow you not to use -요(yo : honorific ending). The recommended way to write Hangul : Write from left to right (→) and from the top to the bottom. (↓)

    Double consonants + one vowel : ㄲ + ㅓ = 꺼
    (ㄲ sounds similar to 'K' in Spanish and French, but not the same as these. Please check this out and listen to the pronunciation of ㄲ.

    One consonant + one vowel consonant........
    ...............ㅂ + ㅏ...............(B + Ah)
    ..................ㅇ...................(Ng when it comes across as the last consonant)
    ⇒ 방 (B + Ah + Ng = Bahng) room

    You could change ㅂof '방' into ㅃ, then it would be 빵(bread).

    참외 Ch + Ah + M + Weh = Chahmweh / 행복 H + Eh + Ng, B + Oh + G = Hehngbog

    Hope this helps you more :

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