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Commands in Tagalog with Root Form of Verbs

I'm learning Tagalog from Paraluman S. Aspillera's *Basic Tagalog for Foreigners and Non-Tagalogs*. In Lesson 3, it gives a bunch of common expressions, including the following orders:

Gising na!
Hintay ka!
Tulog na.

I'm now several lessons past that, & learning how to conjugate verbs, & I'm really confused! It looks like the imperative should look just like the infinitive, & should thus be:

Gumising na!
Maghintay ka!
Matulog na.

Are there cases where it's okay to use just the root form without any affix to express commands? How does one know when to use 'tulog' in an order, & when to use 'matulog'? I've looked at all the books I can find in the library & in bookstores, & have found no mention of this.

Also, what is the word 'tayo' in 'Tayo na.' (i.e. 'Let's go.')? Is it just the pronoun 'we'?

For learning: Filipino (Tagalog)
Base language: English
Category: Uncategorized



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    hello Bob,

    great observation you got in there. so far so good...

    anyway, speaking of tagalog verbs, you may noticed that some verbs (root verb) are actually imperative in which this case are commonly expressed among known individuals (family, relatives, friends, clique, etc.) in a friendly manner:

    Gising na!
    Hintay ka!
    Tulog na.

    if you tell these to someone whom you do not know, it could be slight offensive and disturbing in a sense.

    these commands are actually the proper and polite way of saying them:

    Gumising na! (or to complete: "gumising ka na" or "gumising na kayo")
    Maghintay ka! (in a polite way: "maghintay ka muna" or "maghintay muna kayo")
    Matulog na. ("matulog ka na" or "matulog na kayo")

    although in most cases, the former set of statements are used in giving command to someone.

    "Tayo" is a pronoun equivalent to english "we" or "us".

    "Tayo na" is a short term for statement : "tayo na'ng pumunta" (let's go) or "tayo na'ng umalis"

    ~ hope this might help you.....



    romulus was correct i have only comment actually theirs some command that has been using the meaning is still the same the commader was only use short cut the matulog na tayo shortcut word tulog na really want to learn tagalog and we are here to help you

    right romulus!

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