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Difference between ihn and ihm?

The dative case of "es" is ihm but when used in sentences it is often used as "ihn" instead?

Example:
Wir geben ihn dem Lehrer : We give it to the teacher

Why? The "it" is in the dative case, but why is it ihn instead of ihm?

Additional Details:

My mistake. The "it" was in the accusative case so ihn is correct?

For learning: German
Base language: English
Category: Uncategorized

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    There is more than dative in this sentence. The "teacher" is dative, while "it" is accusative.

    Dativ, the question is "Wem?" - Whom?
    The answer would be "Ihm." - (to) him

    Akkusativ, the question is "Wen/Was?"
    The Answer would be "ihn/sie/es".

    Wen/Was geben wir dem Lehrer? - Wir geben ihn(/sie/es) dem Lehrer.

    For a masculine substantive, its complementary object pronoun in accusative case is "ihn", whereas in dative case is "ihm".

    For a neutral substantive, its complementary object pronoun in accusative case is "es" (same as its nominative case), whereas in dative case is "ihm" (same as the dative case of a complementary object pronoun of a masculine substantive).

    So, if we have an example of,
    We give the ballpen (Kugelschreiber, m) to the teacher -- We give it to the teacher -- We give it to him (presuming in male gender)
    Then, in German, it becomes,
    Wir geben dem Lehrer den Kugelschreiber -- Wir geben ihn dem Lehrer -- Wir geben ihm ihn

    However, if we have an example of,
    We give the gift (Geschenk, nt) to the teacher -- We give it to the teacher -- We give it to him
    Then, in German, it becomes,
    Wir geben dem Lehrer ein Geschenk -- Wir geben es dem Lehrer -- Wir geben ihm es

    Take care and good day. / Mach's gut und schönen Tag.

    Zwei nette Personen haben dir (dative) eine Antwort (accusative) geschrieben.
    Beide haben dir gute Antworten geschrieben. Da kann ich nichts mehr sagen.

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