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bagaimana penggunaan dan artinya kata‘kok, dong, lho, eh, nih,sih,dan hah,’?

kadang-kadang, dalam perkataan teman-teman indo ada kata tersebut. misalnya 'lho, kok begitu?', '-isterimu cantik ga? -cantik dong!(kenapa tidak jawab cantik saja, apa bedanya?)', 'lagi apain nih?' 'lho, kenapa?'......saya tidak tahu kapan boleh pakai kata-kata ini(situasi bahasanya) dan artinya. Bolehkah teman-teman membuat beberapa contoh dan mengartikan maknanya? makasiiih banyak

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Thank you Niwa, terima kasiiih! Your explanation is very clear, but i cannot open the two links you give.

For learning: Indonesian
Base language: Indonesian
Category: Language

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    Best Answer - Chosen by the Asker
    'nih' is informal particle, another version of 'ini', used when:
    1) to affirm something.
    ex :
    "Panas nih!" (THIS is very hot) ---> this could mean "this situation"
    "Mana nih?" (Where is this?) ---> this expression is used when you're waiting for something
    2) to point something near (same using as ini). We used this also when giving something to someone.
    ex :
    "nih!" (while hand over something to someone) but in this case, however, don't use 'nih' to someone older than us.

    'sih' is used when :
    1) you affirm your saying.
    ex :
    "Senang banget sih, ada apa?" (You look so happy, what happened?)
    2) you express contrast things.
    ex:
    "Dia sih baik orangnya, tapi temannya tidak" (He's nice, but his friend is not)
    3) you are considering about something
    ex:
    A: "Buku ini bagus banget" (This book is very good)
    B: "Hmm..nggak ah, ada beberapa bagian yang ada kekerasannya" (Hmm..no, there are some parts which contain violence)
    A: "Iya sih.." ---> A is considering that B's saying is somewhat correct.

    'hah' is not really has a meaning. You can use it when:
    1) you're surprised/don't believe in something.
    ex:
    A : "Dia mendapatkan nilai A untuk matematikanya" (She got A for her maths)
    B: "Hah? bagaimana bisa?" (What? how could it be?)
    2) you can't hear something.
    ex:
    A : "Kemarin kamu kemana?" (Where were you going yesterday?)
    B: "Hah? apa?" (Huh? what?) ---> in this case, B can't hear what A said

    hope it helps :) sorry for long answer!!

    hello Made!
    I have links to share that will explain best :

    about lho : http://www.bahasakita.com/colloquial/particles/loh-mah-yah-and-yuk/
    about dong : http://www.bahasakita.com/colloquial/particles/dehdan-dong/

    'kok' is used when you're confused about something.
    ex : "Kok kamu jam segini baru datang?" (You're just arrived at this time?") ---> the speaker is confused as he/she knows that someone who he/she is talking to is not usual to come at that time

    'eh' is used when:
    1) you try to get attention from the listeners (usually used in the beginning of sentence).
    ex: "eh, saya pulang ya!" (hey, I want to go home!)
    2) you are surprised or you want to correct your previous saying as there's another thing came to your mind.
    ex:
    "Dia sudah pergi. Eh, tidak, dia belum pergi!" ---> (She has gone. Ah, no, she hasn't!) as you can see, there's not much difference between 'ah' and 'eh' in this kind of sentence.
    3) you start a new topic, just simply add 'eh'.

    wwkwkwkwk... same like in cantonese !
    example : wo, bo, kala (我老师说意思是=已经。。), etc... (明白我的意思吗 ? :P)


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