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"Saikin isogashii desu ka" when do i know is it mean "Have you been busy lately" or " i have been busy lately"

For learning: Japanese
Base language: English
Category: Language

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    it means "Have you been busy lately?" because there is "ka" at the end of the sentence.
    if there is no "ka" it will be "Saikin isogashii desu" and it means " i have been busy lately".

    if there's "ka" at the end of the sentence, it's a question.

    ka is the key to this. If it's there, then it's a question, if not, then it's a statement.

    As for the subject of the sentence (which is usually invisible), you have to work it out from the context.

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