Site Feedback

Resolved questions
help with weak grades and word suffixes

Hello, I'm a currently learning Finnish boy and having some difficulties on determining strong and weak grades and how to use suffixes in a normal sentence.

How do we determine and change strong grades into weak grades? for some words like "matto" which changes into "maton" and "mato" which changes into "madon" and some others, how do we automatically convert them? does it have some exceptions?

And, what is the difference between 'kouluun, koulussa, koulusta' and 'koululle, koululla, koululta'? and are there any exceptions?

Sorry to ask so much about this, I'm just deepening my knowledge about Finnish and that's some things I haven't understood yet :( thanks for all before!

For learning: Finnish
Base language: English
Category: Language



    Please enter between 2 and 2000 characters.



    Sort by:

    Best Answer - Chosen by Voting
    Hey! Cool that you're learning Finnish :)

    Consonant gradation in Finnish is quite tricky and has a loooooot of exceptions and different categories based on how words are converted. I tried to figure out how to explain it to you but didn't really get anywhere with that but the basic rule is that if the word has a geminate (basically a double consonant), like 'matto', it will turn into a short consonant, 'maton'. Then you have to add a suffix so it'd actually make sense in a sentence, in this case '-n'. If the word has a shirt vowel, 'mato', the vowel will disappear or change forms, 'madon'. All the changing forms are exceptions so you'll just have to learn them by heart.

    The difference between the suffixes in 'kouluun, koulussa, koulusta' and 'koululle, koululla, koululta' are a bit easier :p As you probably know the stem word is 'koulu', school, and the suffixes '-un', '-ssa', '-sta', '-lle', '-lla', '-lta' are all place markers. They also express direction.

    kouluun = to school
    koulussa = in school
    koulusta = from school

    koululle = to school
    koululla = at school
    koululta = from school

    The first three are used to really emphasize where you're at, like when you're literally inside the school and having class or something, the other three are used when you're either in the school or close to the school and you're just kinda chilling there or passing by.
    The difference between saying 'Menen kouluun' (I'm going to school) and 'Menen koululle' is that in the first one you're actually going to attend class and in the second one you're just going to the school building and you don't really want to tell anyone what you're actually going to do there. So I guess the second one could be translated 'I'm going to THE school', you know what I'm saying?
    It's pretty much the same deal with using the other suffixes, the first ones just imply that you're in school for a reason, like to attend class and the other ones that you're there for something else, or that you're just passing by or something.

    Hope this helps this you a little :)

    Submit your answer

    Please enter between 2 and 2000 characters.

    If you copy this answer from another italki answer page, please state the URL of where you got your answer from.