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What are all the ways to use "-고?"

I know it's not a word alone, but someone used it in a way I'm not familiar with, so please explain :)

I already know when you add it to verbs for "to want"
ex. I want to do - 하고 싶어

Thank you!

For learning: Korean
Base language: English
Category: Language


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    Best Answer - Chosen by Voting
    All the ways? I will give it a shot.:)

    1) "to want"("~하고 싶다")
    잠자+고 싶다 : I want to sleep.

    2) "A and B"("A 하고 B")
    내 친구 하+고 나는 저녁을 같이 먹을꺼야: My friend and I are going to have dinner together.
    In here "~하고" is the same as "~랑" or "~와/과".

    3) "After~"("~하고 나서")
    저녁을 먹+고 나서 서점에 갔다 : After I had dinner,I went to a bookstore.

    4) "~and~"("~하고 나서 그리고")
    저녁을 먹+고 나서 서점에 갔다 : I had dinner and went to a bookstore.

    5) "~ with somebody" ("somebody 하고 같은/이")
    "너 하+고 같은 생각이야" : I agree with you.
    "너 하+고 같이 갈께" : I am going with you.

    6) When you introduce somebody or yourself.("~라고 하다.")
    저는 파스칼이라+고 합니다 : This is Pascal or My name is Pascal.
    It is used when you refer(or address) somebody or yourself to others.

    7) In a reported speech ("~ 다/라고 하다")
    (그는) 오늘저녁에 못온다+고 했습니다.: He said he won't be able to make it tonight.

    Just 6 usages came across to my mind.:)
    I think "~고" by itself is meaningless, you should memorize it with some phrases like "~하고 나서" or "~라고 하다" or "somebody 하고 같은~" etc..

    one more,
    8) something is happening ("~하고 있다")
    자+고 있다 : "He is sleeping"
    먹+고 있다 : "to be eating"
    공부하+고 있다 : "to be studying"

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