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esse,essa,isso,este,esta,isto?

What is the difference between essa, esse and isso to mean “that” and este, esta and isto to mean “this”? I know esse, essa, este, esta are based on the gender of the word following them but what is the use of isso and isto?

For learning: Portuguese
Base language: English
Category: Language

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    "Isto" and "isso" are remaining forms from latin and there is no gender for them. They are used in sentences where gender is not specified, but the notion is of a situation or samething that gathers a total comprehension by the listener.

    For example, let's say you are fed up with "something" that is happening to you and you say: "Isso/Isto está me deixando muito chateado!". In this sentence, "isso" means the situation as a whole and there is no gender at all for that.

    In spoken language, "isso" is easily pronounced than "isto", so its usage is much larger than the second form.

    esse/essa - refer the object when is far you (apointed the finger to object)
    este/esta - refer the objetct when is near you (you see th object)

    Vou tentar resumir:
    Este, esta, isto - Referem-se a quem fala - 1ª pessoa do discurso; (eu)
    Esse, essa, isso - Com quem se fala - 2ª pessoa do discurso;(tu)

    "esse" é pronome, demostrativo, masculino na 2º pessoa.
    "essa" é pronome, demostrativo, feminino na 2º pessoa.
    "isso" é pronome,demostrativo, 2º pessoa.
    "este" é pronome demostrativo, masculino na 1º pessoa.
    "isto" é pronome demostrativo, 1º pessoa.

    Exemplo:
    - Se esta explicação te agradou este professor ficará feliz.
    - Essa pergunta que fizeste mereceu uma resposta.
    - Essa cidade onde você reside será melhor que esta onde eu resido?

    esse-->male person or masculine object,near to the person that is spoken to and far from the person who is speaking
    essa-->female person of feminine object,near to the person that is spoken to and far from the person who is speaking
    isso-->to point an object next to the person that is spoken to and far from the person who is speaking
    este-->male person or masculine object next to you and far from the person u are speaking to
    esta-->female person of feminine object next to you and far from the person u are speaking to
    isto--->to point an object next to you and far from the person u are speaking to

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