TASK 1 The pie charts provide information about the expected output for six different sectors (services, energy, manufacturing, agriculture, materials, and info-com tech) at a global level for the years 2040 and 2060. Overall, it is not predicted that the world will experience a dramatic change in production patterns; manufacturing and service industries
are forecast to account for more than a half of the world’s output both in 2040 and 2060
and there are small differences with regard to the other sectors. Indeed, in the
twenty-year period a small increase in production is expected in all sectors but
energy and agriculture. Manufacturing is the sector that is expected to grow the
most, going from an initial value of 31% in 2040 up to 33% in 2060.
Info-Com Tech and service industries should expand as well, but just by 1% each,
reaching the levels of 16% and 41%, respectively. A different pattern will be
experienced by the energy and agriculture sectors. Energy will lose 2% with the
production going down from 7% to 5%. Similarly, projections for agricultural
production show a declining trend, from 4% to only 1%.