Richard-Business Eng
Professional Teacher
7 EASY STEPS TO UNDERSTAND AND REMEMBER A NEW WORD - Steps 4 and 5

4... LOOK INSIDE THE WORD


Some English words contain a smaller word inside the bigger word.

For example:

The word ‘extraneous’ contains the word ‘extra’ and ‘extra’ is a synonym for the word extraneous.

 

Some words include a prefix or a suffix, so knowing the meaning of the prefix or suffix may help us to understand the new word.

For example:
The word ‘disproportionate’ contains the word ‘proportion’ which means: the size, quantity or number of something; the amount of something.
And, one of the meanings of the prefix ‘dis-‘ is ‘not’, so “not an equal size, quantity, number or amount”.

For example:
The word ‘denounce’ looks a little like announce.
The prefix ‘de-‘ means a negative.
So denounce means ‘to speak out against something or someone’.

Prefixes and suffixes help us interpret the meanings of some words.


Here’s a link to a very simple, helpful list of prefixes and suffixes:

http://teacher.scholastic.com/reading/bestpractices/vocabulary/pdf/prefixes_suffixes.pdf

 

For a more advanced list:
http://www.cdl.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/Common-Prefixes-Suffixes-and-Roots-8.5.13.pdf



 

5... COLLOCATIONS: WORDS THAT OFTEN GO TOGETHER

 

We can understand a new word better when we see it used with other words.

For example:

The adjective ‘extraneous’ is often used with:

<ul><li>the noun information...... <em>The report contained a lot of extraneous information.</em></li><li>the verb need............... <em>We don’t need extraneous information in the report.</em></li></ul>

 

Here is a link to a free online collocation dictionary:

<a href="http://prowritingaid.com/free-online-collocations-dictionary.aspx" target="_blank">http://prowritingaid.com/free-online-collocations-dictionary.aspx</a>


Mar 31, 2016 6:09 PM
Comments · 7

I'm looking forward to Step 6 and 7 =)


April 2, 2016

Appreciate your sharing anyway.

 

Whenever I learn a new word, I am intended to read the context related to this word. Examples in the dictionary is worthy to read and study by all means. That is an alternative to master a word.

April 1, 2016

Laura...


I'm glad to hear that the collocation website provided good examples for you.

Yes, it's true, I have used the word 'extraneous' a few times, but the good news is that the word will not be in Step 6 or 7 :)

Thank you for your informative comments.

March 31, 2016

I have tried the Collocations website with the word HOUSE and there were many other words commonly used before or after this word or related to it, very useful! This is a way to increase vocabulary! 

Thanks to your entries I will never forget the word "extraneous"!

March 31, 2016
Thanks Richard ! I've found out this website because of you. I find it really useful to memorize new words :)
April 2, 2016
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Richard-Business Eng
Language Skills
English, French
Learning Language