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Chiara Azie
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How do I say pay sth in Russian ? оплачивать или оплатить или доплачивать... which is the perfective form of оплачивать?? Can you give me some examples where you use the verb pay?
Jul 9, 2016 8:50 AM
Comments · 7

оплачив͟а͟͟т͟ь - is regular/recurring/continious form of оплатить.

д͟оплатить - to pay additional sum (if not enough)

д͟оплачив͟а͟т͟ь - try to guess now. :)

Actually, you don't need to ask similar questions about every word, just try to get how prefixes and sufixes do work in general and it will make life much easier. :D

July 9, 2016

Вы можете показать мне как оплачивать проезд через терминал?

Ты оплатила все свои покупки?

Здесь не хватает 5 рублей. Доплатите, пожалуйста. 

Ты уже выплатила свой кредит?оплачивать

you can check other verbs here.

July 9, 2016

THe most common are
- платить,
- заплатить (it even doesn't have it's own imperfective counterpart! Which means, it doesn't carry much of additional shades...).

Заплатить means the action of making a payment itself! So mostly when we ask something like "have you already paid?" (in a shop) or "I'll pay for my Internet tomorrow" or "I'll do it in a kiosk", we use this. These two verbs are the simplest.
We use them on their own "ты уже заплатил?"  and with "за" ('for'): "Я заплачу за интернет завтра". In another meaning of 'for': "плачу за всех" (I pay/am paying for everybody)

Я плачу провайдеру за интернет 700 рублей каждый месяц. Золотом!
I pay
for the·Internet(за ACC)
700 roubles (ACC)
each month.
In·gold! (INSTR.)

July 10, 2016

Now this 'family' of verbs is organized this way:

платить (for what, to whom)

заплатить (for what, to whom) → (no imp. different from 'платить')

оплатить → оплачивать (what [a purchase])
выплатить  → выплачивать (what [money], to whom)
уплатить → уплачивать (what [fee, etc.], to whom)
переплатить → переплачивать (what [money], [to whom?])

доплатить → доплачивать (what [money], to whom)

расплатиться → расплачиваться (for what, for whom)

July 10, 2016

Nothing is regular:) But the most common pattern is this:

most of the verbs without a prefix are imperfective.

When you add a prefix, they turn into perfective.

Normally for a verb there is a prefix, such that it adds almost nothing to the meaning. Just makes it 'perfective'. It is like.. a prefix was used so often with the verb that it lost most its own meaning...
Unfortunately for different verbs it is different prefixes.

Other prefixes add their meaning/shades. It is similar to English phrasal verbs (put on = надеть).

So, what if you need the meaning of a prefixed verb (together with what the prefix adds there), but still you must use IMperfective in some phrase?  You can make a prefixed verb imperfective again:) The most common way to do so is the suffix -ва-.
надеть - надевать.

July 10, 2016
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Chiara Azie
Language Skills
English, French, Italian, Russian, Spanish
Learning Language
English, French, Russian, Spanish