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Could someone explain me a little about particles? ( じょし) I'm having trouble identifying when to use them in sentences because I don't understand their specific function other than に is used when referring to a particular event, date, hour or place or that へ is used before the verbs go, go home and come to indicate destination. But things like when は should change to が or when to use を and similar things are difficult for me to understand. Thanks in advance
Mar 26, 2008 6:16 AM
Comments · 6
I see, this have been really helpful I'm having a test this Saturday, so I'm sure I won't doubt as much as before when deciding which particle to use . Thank you both kindly for your help
March 28, 2008
Thank you for the detailed description of 助詞. I would like to add a little that I know about the difference between は and が: Using "は" is fairly easy. You place "は" after the subject of a sentence which simply states what the subect does or is: わたしは学生です。 (I am a student.) かれは音楽家です。(He is a musician.) あなたは日本人ですね?(You are Japanese, aren't you?) 武君は花瓶を壊しました。 (Takeshi broke a vase.) お父さんは新聞を読んでいます。 (Father is reading a newspaper.) If you replace は with が in the above sentences, but it puts emphasis on the subject. Very often, it implies that there might be other choices for the subject. わたしが学生です。- It is I who is a student. 彼が音楽家です。- It is he who is a musician. あなたが日本人ですね? - It is you who is Japanese, isn't it? 武君が花瓶を壊しました。- It is Takeshi who broke the vase. が is also used after a subject of a clause in a compound sentence: 武君は花瓶を壊しました。+ 見ました。= 武君が花瓶を壊したのを見ました。- I saw that Takeshi broke the vase. が is also used after a subject of a descriptive sentence as a result of observation: For an example, a teacher asked students to describe what they see in a picture. A student who saw an image of a father reading a newspaper would respond, お父さんが新聞を読んでいます。 For the most, we use を after an object. が or は after an object place an emphasis on the preceding word, and slightly change the implication of a sentence. わたしは猫を飼っています。 - I have a cat as a pet. あなたが好きな動物はどれですか? - What is the animal that you like? わたしは猫が好きです。 - I like cats (of all the animals/compared to other animals). あなたは猫が好きですか? - Do you like cats? わたしは猫は嫌いです。 - I don't like cats (but I like other animals). あなたは何を勉強していますか? - Wat are you studying? わたしは数学を勉強しています。 - I'm studying math. わたしは数学が苦手です。- I am not good at math. わたしは数学は苦手です。 - I am not good at math (but I am OK with other sujbects).
March 27, 2008
Oh, almost forgot. と functions a lot like "and" in English. However, it can only be used to connect nouns together. It can not be used to join adjectives, adverbs, verbs, or sentences.
March 27, 2008
Some more particles~ で - Location where an action takes place. Example: うちで日本語のべんきょうをします。 (House <- で <- Japanese Language <- study) で - Instrument used to carry out an action.  Example: ナイフでオレンジを切ります。 (knife <- で <- orange <- を <- to cut) で - Reason or cause of an action. Example: ビジネスでアリゾナへ来ました。 (business <- で <- Arizona <- へ <- Came to) も - Too, as much as, as many as. Example: A: 私は日本人です。 B: 私も日本人です。 (Person A states they are Japanese. Person B then states that they also are Japanese.) 八時間もべんきょうしました。 (8 hours <- も <- Study) も - Both A and B or neither A nor B. Example: ブラワンさんはすしもすきやきも好きです。 (Brown-san <- は <- sushi <- も <- sukiyaki <- も <- like) と - Together with. Example: トマトとセロリとレタスがあります。 (Tomato <- と <- celery <- と <- lettuce <- が <- exists.
March 27, 2008
Wow, thank you very much, it's much more clearer now, specially the use of を, I'll practice deciding between は and が. =D
March 27, 2008
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M
Language Skills
English, Japanese, Spanish
Learning Language
Japanese