Masashi
"As " "so " "so that"

I want to know how native speakers  use "as" in a sentence. Because there're lots of meaning in "as" like "because ", "when".... so one more question is how do you recognise the meaning of "as"? 


And second question is a difference between "so" and "so that" . What is the difference between them? Please tell me.


if you find any grammar mistakes please correct them. Thank you 

Apr 25, 2017 4:31 PM
Comments · 4

We know from the context.

Whereas foreign learners approach English sentences as a sequence of individual words,  native speakers group words together into meaningful phrases. For example:

"As I was saying,..."

"Just as I was leaving the house.."

"That's the same as mine."

"As your best friend, I think I should tell you..."

No native speaker would say to themselves "Now, which meaning of 'as' am I using here? Is it "when" or "because"?'.  It doesn't matter - we don't need to distinguish the meaning of individual little words. We never say to ourselves "What does that mean?" - we just use the word that is needed in the context. And it really isn't a problem for us there are many different contexts where the correct word happens to be 'as'.


April 25, 2017

Learning a language  not as easy as I thought     as + ___ +as

As I already said , I think we need to change our focus.   like, similar to 


As it is already 11:00 p.m., why don't we stop here and discuss this more tomorrow.    because

Q: Can I choose this one?    A:  As you like.    According to    (very formal)

As an expert in his field, he knows a lot more than most people about this.   In his role as a 


As a musician he is quite  brilliant but as a music  teacher he is terrible.     
In his role as a 


Question 2 : I feel that "so" and "so that" can be used equally but sometimes there are exceptions

I study English so I can get a better job
I study English so that I can communicate with foreigners. 






April 25, 2017

I don't really know how to explain this. I think "as" meaning is more to "like" as what you say when something resembles something. 

Answering "so" and "so that",

for example, let's say:

1. I'll do my homework first so I have to go home early.

2. I'll do my homework first so that I can have more free time later.

From the sentences above, I believe "so" means something that you need to do before you can do the first action, while "so that" is more to something that you expect to happen if you do the first action.


cmiiw

April 25, 2017

We know the meaning of "as" from context. It's unusual that more than one meaning of "as" can make sense in any given situation.

a) So that = conjunction of purpose

e.g. I will give you £2 so [that] you can buy yourself an ice-cream.

This money must be used for a specified purpose.  You can drop "that", especially in conversation. You must keep "that" in formal writing.  I recommend that you keep "that" in all your writing until you are confident.

b) So = conjunction of consequence

e.g. My father gave me £2, (and) so I decided to spend it on an ice-cream. 

The purchase of the ice-cream was a consequence of being given £2.

In formal writing, it is common to add "and" before "so".

c) So = filler

We often use "so" as a filler e.g. So, what shall we do now?  I know, let's have some ice-cream!  

"So" has no real meaning here.  You could replace it with any number of other words like "well", "anyway", etc.

April 25, 2017