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kia.manafi
when we use "pronominaux verbes" in french??? whats the difference

when we say

je me suis lave

and je lave

does the second sentence make any sense thou????

is it like "myself "when we use pronominaux?

Feb 20, 2018 12:49 PM
Comments · 2
merci bcp dear
February 21, 2018

Pronominal verbs, at the most basic level, are used to describe an action on the self or reciprocal actions. For example:

Je me lave: I wash myself

Ils se lavent: This one is ambiguous! it could mean "They wash themselves" or  "They wash each other"

"Je lave" (I wash) requires an object. "Je lave les chemises sales" (I wash the dirty shirts) is a correct sentence. "Je lave" alone sounds odd/incomplete and doesn't really mean anything.

In French, there are also many pronominal verbs that indicate a change in emotional state. Two examples:

se fâcher : to become angry

Nous nous fâchons rarement. 

s'énerver: to become annoyed

Tu t'énerves trop facilement.

*BONUS

Several verbs can change meaning depending on whether or not they are used reflexively. One example is "tromper" vs. "se tromper":

Il trompe sa femme: He is cheating on his wife (infidelity)

Il s'est trompé: He was mistaken (error)

Hope this helps!

February 20, 2018
kia.manafi
Language Skills
English, French, Persian (Farsi)
Learning Language
English, French