Alina unfortunately you have to learn those tenses if you want to be able to write, understand and speak fluently. You found that difficult because you're perhaps a beginner. For first you could start working on the main tenses which are most used: present (easiest), future and past. In my opinion with these three tense are enough to express to express an idea.
As a reminder, there is still a lot more time in French
Received opinion here is that you do need to know all of them i.e. tenses ; however, you can take them a little at a time, starting with the most commonly used - present [simple and continuous], simple past and present perfect. This last one is quite difficult to learn and use appropriately, but it is widely used, both in speaking and formal writing, and should be mastered if you want to be considered proficient. Anup's comment that it comes automatically is almost certainly not true, but regular exposure to [good] English, both written and spoken, will provide examples from which you can learn the 'rules'.
I'm not sure that Peachey's claim that there are really only two English tenses amounts to more than sophistry, but it would be a good topic for another discussion.
its actually called tenses, and yes you will have to learn it if you're trying to speak english fluently.
just go on youtube and type "tenses in english" and there'll be tons of video. they might help a little.
hopefully my information does helps you :)
I honestly only use the future perfect tense once or twice a year in a conversation. You will come across it more often in books.
I remember I said to a friend a few weeks ago, "We'll have gotten back by then."
Remember to call them tenses, not times (you've done a literal translation from Russian there).
Yes, it is realistic to expect to learn all of these verb forms! :) You simply group them together and compare them. For example, past simple against past continuous. Understand the difference and then it becomes clear.
In reality, there are only two tenses in English: past and present. We can make future verb forms out of modals (hypothetical grammar) and present tenses. We can also put together the other "aspects" (like continuous and perfect) for more nuanced, complex grammar.
Don't be daunted - we're just adding pieces of grammar together. :)