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Frances
わかった and わかっている what is the difference between them, and in what contexts should they be used??
Mar 15, 2018 9:13 PM
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so わかる generally means "to understand" or "to know"

わかっている is the progressive form of わかる

わかった is the past tense of わかる


For example, you're watching tv and your mom tells you that you need to do homework.

So you want to answer to her that you "understand."

You tell her: わかっている!

This means that you know this already. (you already understood that you needed to do your homework but you were not doing it) This response would roughly translate to " I know that already." You already knew or you had currently been in the state of knowing this. (either way, in this particular moment of time, you are in the state of understanding/knowing)

OR

You tell her: わかった!

This means that you understand, now that your mom has told you. This response would roughly translate to "I got it." It's in that particular moment that you understand it.


To use the former person's example: about the apple

So, I'm explaining to you that I'm eating a fruit. I don't know the French word for "apple," so I'm saying "it's red, crunchy and sweet."

So you understand that it's an apple.


りんごだとわかっている。You already know that it is an apple (maybe because I love apples and am always eating an apple when I'm talking to you) OR You're listening to my explanation and you are in the state of knowing that it is an apple.

りんごだとわかった。Through my explanation, you now understand that it is an apple. This implies that there is a moment in which you say "ah! it's an apple!"


Sorry for the clumsy explanation. Hope it helps in some way!

March 17, 2018
わかった(わかりました)=I understood

例:私はあなたの説明で、リンゴついてわかりました。

Ex: I understood about apples in your explanation.

わかっている(わかっています)=I know

例:私はリンゴについてわかっている。

Ex:I know about apple.

Sensually

past→わかってた

From recently to present→わかった

I am sorry that my English is not good.

March 17, 2018

I’m not an expert but from my limited understanding.

分かる(わかる) – dictionary form of “to understand”

分かった(わかった)= “did understand” - past tense

分かっている(わかっている)= “currently understanding” - present tense

Hope that helps

Check out “Takoboto” in the App store. Very helpful for learning kanji

March 16, 2018
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March 15, 2018
Frances
Language Skills
English, Japanese
Learning Language
Japanese