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Oleg Zheleznov
difference between THIS and THAT

What is the difference between THIS and THAT

and what about:
This is cool!
That's cool!

Mar 26, 2018 1:16 PM
Comments · 4

Yes,   This is used for a single item near you.   This is my house and that is their house

These -     is used for multiple items near you.  These cuts on my hand      and    

Those  - 

  is used for multiple items far away.    Those birds in the sky.

March 26, 2018
This is used for an item that is near you whereas That is used when the item is farther from you
March 26, 2018
No, I have to disagree. This and That CAN be used to indicate distance, but they're not so restricted. There's a line from an old Neil Young song, "My, My, Hey, Hey" that goes, " pay for THIS and they give you THAT." That's got nothing to do with distance. It's just distinguishing one thing from another. Let's say you walked into an ice cream shop, and said, "I'd like a chocolate ice cream". The cashier says fine, that will be $3.00. So, you pay him $3.00 and he walks back and hands you a vanilla ice cream. And, lets say the vanilla ice cream and chocolate ice cream are the same distance away from you in adjoining containers. You could reply, "Hey, wait a minute. I paid for this (pointing to the chocolate ice cream) and you gave me that (pointing to the vanilla ice cream right next to it the same distance away.) You could say that. It doesn't have to indicate distance at all. 
March 27, 2018

The difference is an indefinite feeling. "This" is used for something that feels relatively close, "that" for something that feels relatively farther away. 

Let's say you are in an amusement park. You are standing in front of the Ferris wheel, and a hundred meters away there is a roller coast. "Would you like to ride this ride or that ride?" The Ferris wheel is "this" ride, the roller-coast is that ride."

In your example, "this is cool!" probably refers to something you are doing right now, or something you see right now. "That's cool!" probably refers to a piece of good news a friend has told you; it isn't here right now, so it feels distant and you say "that."

March 26, 2018
Oleg Zheleznov
Language Skills
English, French, Russian
Learning Language