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Indo-European roots and similar words in English and Serbian

Here are some examples I collected and wrote down:

beard = brada

nose = nos

swine = svinja

goose = guska

son = sin

day = dan

sun = sunce

stack (hay stack) = stog

guest = gost

plough,plow = plug

mill = mlin

crest = kresta,krijesta

east = istok

sister = sestra

brother = brat

mother = majka,mati

milk = mleko,mlijeko

brow = obrva

chaste = čestit

daughter = docher (russian)

wolf = vuk = volk (russian)

smile = osmeh,osmijeh/ smijati (verb)

stool = sto (table,desk)

mead = med (honey)

whirl = vir

home = dom

grab (verb) = grabiti 

piss (verb) = pišati

dim (adj.) = dim (smoke)

linden = lipa

salt = so

dear = drag

snow = sneg,snijeg

wool = vuna

stud (herd of animals) = stado

beat (verb) = biti

strange = stran

night = noć

three = tri

six = šest

water = voda

strict = strog

saddle = sedlo

nebulous = nebo (sky)

Some of the English words,which are similar to Serbian comes from Latin language.

Apr 5, 2018 12:04 PM
Comments · 2

"Day" and "dan" only look similar, but they aren't derived from the same Indo-European root: "day" comes from PIE *dʰegʷʰ- meaning "to burn" (it's cognate with Serbian "žèći"); while "dan" is from PIE *dyew- meaning "to be bright" (it's the origin of the words for "day" in many other IE languages too, but in Germanic it was replaced by the other word and in modern English it only survives, as far as I know, as the -t in "Lent").

"Mill" and "mlin" are both ultimately borrowed from the same Latin word ("molinum").

April 5, 2018
April 6, 2018
Language Skills
Albanian, English, Russian, Serbian, Spanish
Learning Language
Albanian, English, Russian, Spanish