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Learning English is fun. Learning English, he had a lot of fun. How u know that the first learning is gerund while the other is participle
I know that gerund is noun
But participle is adjecrive or adverb
But how to know the different in the context
Apr 4, 2019 11:01 PM
Comments · 3
When you are trying to figure out if an -ing word is a gerund, ask yourself, "Can I add the words The Act of to the beginning of the -ing word, and the meaning will not change?"

Eating is fun. >>>>>>THE ACT OF eating is fun.  That means the same thing, so eating is a gerund.

Now let's try it with the second sentence to see if it is a gerund:

Learning English, he had a lot of fun. >>>>THE ACT OF learning English, he had a lot of fun.   WTF?  This makes no sense.  It is NOT a gerund, It has to be a participle!

By the way, you could rearrange this sentence and it means the same thing:

He had a lot of fun learning English.  Let's try our little test again to see if it is a gerund.  He had a lot of fun THE ACT OF learning English.  >>>>Nope!  It makes no sense whatsoever, so it has to be a participle.

You realize, of course, that our present progressive tense is made up of a form of to be plus the -ing participle?

I am eating pizza.

Seeing the -ing participle as a part of the verb makes it a little more obvious that it is not a gerund.
April 5, 2019

-1- Learning English is fun.  [What is fun?  Learning English is fun.]

/subject/ Learning English [= gerund + gerund object]

/verb/ is

/complement/ fun

-2- Learning English, he had fun.  [When did he have fun?  While he was learning English, he had fun.]

/adverbial phrase/ Learning English [= participle + participial object]

/subject/ he

/verb/ had

/object/ fun

April 5, 2019
Thanks so much
April 5, 2019
Language Skills
Arabic, English
Learning Language