Mojtaba
had they known it, they would not have crucified the Lord of Glory.

     could you please explain the grammar in this sentence and give some other sentences based on this grammar?

any help would be appreciated

Apr 24, 2019 4:52 PM
Comments · 4
"...had they known it ..." is a conditional using an inversion. The phrase is equivalent to "... if they had known it ...."

More information:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_conditional_sentences#Inversion_in_condition_clauses

[abridged excerpt]

Inversion in condition clauses

The principal constructions are as follows:

In the first conditional ...
If you should feel hungry, ... (should form of the condition clause)
Should you feel hungry, ... (inverted form)

In the second conditional ...
If she were here, ... (usual condition clause)
Were she here, ...(inverted form)

In the third conditional ...
If he had written, ... (usual condition clause; past perfect)
Had he written, ... (inverted form)
April 24, 2019

More information about other uses of inversion.

https://www.learn-english-today.com/lessons/lesson_contents/verbs/inversion.html

May 11, 2019

Chris your explanation was clear and brief I really am grateful for this. I was searching for some advanced styles in grammar  to use in my writing in order to make it more advanced, diverse and colorful. because the TOEFL administrators says the more grammatical structures you use in your writing section the more scores you may get.

thank you so much again.  

April 24, 2019
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Mojtaba
Language Skills
English, Persian (Farsi)
Learning Language
English