pizzayama
-еш or -иш? How to tell which conjugation from the dictionary form
Hi there,
I often look up a verb in English in the dictionary and I get the Bulgarian 1st person singular present, both perfective and imperfective forms (when available).
Then I need to conjugate the verb, but to do that, I need to know which conjugation it belongs to.
When they end in -ам or -ям, it's easy enough. The problem is when they end in -а or -я. Is the second person going to be -еш or -иш? Sometimes there is no rule and you just have to know it, in which case the dictionary reports the second person as well. However, sometimes you are expected to work it out, based on some rules. What are these rules please (with examples)? My textbook is not very clear about that.
Thanks!
May 22, 2019 10:38 AM
Comments · 1
Here is what I gathered so far, please help correct this or add more examples and exceptions - thanks!

Verbs ending in -ам → (trivially) ам-conjugation
Example: пътувам/пътуваш

Verbs ending in -ча, -ша, -жа → it depends, needs to be learnt case by case
Examples:
пиша/пишеш; реша/решеш; реша/решиш
разкажа/разкажеш; лежа/лежиш;
оплача/оплачеш; окича/окичиш

Other verbs ending in -а → е-conjugation
Examples: чета/четеш

Verbs ending in -я →
   If я is preceded by a consonant or “o” → и-conjugation
   Examples: броя/броиш; правя/правиш
   Exception: къпя/къпеш

   Else → e-conjugation
   Examples: пия/пиеш; живея/живееш
May 23, 2019
pizzayama
Language Skills
Bulgarian, English, French, German, Italian, Japanese
Learning Language
Bulgarian, Japanese