John (Ali)
الجملة الحالية
مرحبا بكم
I have a question about الحال, specifically when it comes as a sentence beginning with وقد.
From my understanding, this structure implies that the circumstances being referred to happened before and preceded the action that took place in the main clause. Also from most of the books I've read, the meaning conveyed by وقد is something like "having(done)" or maybe "after having..."
سافرت إلى الشرق الأوسط وقد درست اللغة العربية
I traveled to the Middle East having( after having) studied Arabic.
So the circumstance (حال) of my studying Arabic preceded my traveling to the Middle East.
Another example(I don't know if it is correct):
أسرعت بالعودة إلى البيت وقد تلقيت الأخبار المحزنة
I hurried back home having received the sad news.
Again, the circumstances of receiving the sad news preceded my hurrying back home.

25 de abr de 2020 6:36
Comments · 3
على الرحب والسعة. لست بالأستاذ يا صاح :)
25 de Abril de 2020
Correct! Only a small correction regarding the orthography: It's written as وقد and not و قد.

وقد is also very commonly used (especially in literature: novels, stories etc.) to describe a status, collocating with the past verb بدا (seemed, looked):

قال وقد بدا عليه الأسى: لقد فقدنا صديقًا وأخًا اليوم ( "With grieve/sadness clear on his face he said: Today we lost a friend and and a brother")

دخل الغرفة وقد بدا عليه الخوف (He came in the room looking scared)

نهض وقد بدا عليه الغضب (He stood up looking angry)

It's also a very common structure where وقد comes with الآن. In this case, "now that.." would be a smoother and a more accurate translation:

الآن وقد اجتزت الاختبار أستطيع أن أنام ملء جفوني (Now that I have passed the exam, I can sleep like a log (sleep as much as I please and without worrying). نَاْمَ مِلْءَ جُفُوْنِهِ = to sleep like a log.

الآن وقد أخبرته بما يدور في بالي أشعر بالارتياح (Now that I told him what is going on in my mind, I feel relieved.)

ما هي الخطوة التالية، الآن وقد أُنْجَِزَتْ الخطوة الأولى؟ (What is the next step, now that the first step has been accomplished?)
25 de Abril de 2020
!شكرا جزيلا يا أستاذ
25 de Abril de 2020
John (Ali)
Language Skills
Arabic, English
Learning Language