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Nikola
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Reverso is having trouble with parts of speech
This is something I noticed today. I like using context.reverso.net when I learn new words in my target languages and want to see how they can be used in a sentence. I was looking at the equivalents of the word "including" in Italian. Reverso usually informs you which part of speech your word is. It also uses colour coding to give you a better idea if the word in question can be used as different parts of speech. It said that both "including" and its Italian equivalents were adverbs. I was pretty sure that, at least in English, it was a preposition. I decided to try looking up some more common prepositions such as "with" or "under" and they were all marked as adverbs. I just tried some conjunctions and the result was the same: adverbs. It seems that anything that's not a noun, verb or adjective is tagged as an adverb.

It's probably not the biggest discovery in the world but I thought I'd mention it so that people wouldn't rely on it.
Apr 30, 2020 7:27 PM
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Comments · 6
Nikola

Yes, the two dictionaries that classified the word as a verb (present participle) defined it only as a verb and not as a preposition nor an adverb.

I'm often surprised to see different reputable dictionaries classify the same part of speech as different parts of speech.

And yes, it certainly looks like Reverso is not the right pace to identify a part of speech.

April 30, 2020
@Nikola
That (giving "verb") is almost certainly the case as "including" is the present participle of "to include" =}

As for "silly wordplay post" - knock yourself out ;)
April 30, 2020
I guess it's not always easy to classify a word, particularly in English, where you can use just about anything adverbially ;)

But for sure, the "proper" adverb there would be "inclusively".

Thanks for pointing out that shortcoming (I can't say I've actively used the website, occasionally I stumble upon it in google searches, and then I never noticed the classifications).
April 30, 2020
Nikola

You asked a great question, "What part of Speech is the word 'including'".
Off the top of my head, I did no know the answer, so as I often do, I consulted a few online dictionaries.
Here's what I found:

Dictionary.com – verb
Macmillan – preposition
Merriam-Webster – verb
Cambridge – preposition
Oxford – preposition

So, is it an adverb; I don't think so.

April 30, 2020
@Richard
Thank you for looking it up. I should have said that I had double-checked myself so rather than asking a question, I was trying to point out that Reverso generally tags prepositions, conjunctions and possibly other parts of speech as adverbs.
Do you think the two dictionaries that said it was a verb might have given you results for the verb "to include" and its present participle, maybe?

@Andrej
I guess it's not always easy to classify a word, particularly in English, where you can use just about anything adverbially ;)
There's an idea for a new silly wordplay post.

April 30, 2020
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Nikola
Language Skills
Czech, English, German, Italian, British Sign Language (BSL), Swedish
Learning Language
Italian