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Samsie
Regime and Goverment
Regime and goverment, are they the same meaning?
May 17, 2020 2:11 PM
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Not in English. Regime is a loanword from French. It literally means order in French but in other languages is used as a word which describes opressive governments - dictatorships.
May 17, 2020
Another outlook. 
Regime: how the exercise of the political power is organized. Democratic regime, dictatorship regime, monarchical regime...
Government: the political body that developes the power. A party, a dictator, a king...
May 17, 2020
The government is the de jure (legally recognized) authority that governs a country (or another political entity).

The regime is the de facto (actual) institution that governs a country (or another political entity). Generally, it is just whichever group of people is currently in control of government. In cases where the government is dysfunctional and ineffective, it might be applied to whichever non-government group has real control.

'Regime' is more often used in a negative sense, to suggest that the government has been hijacked by an illegitimate force. It can be used neutrally as well.
May 17, 2020
Hi Mimi,
One aspect of the distinction between the two words in English is that regime is used in a more temporary or short-lived sense than government, and this is part of how regime is used pejoratively (insultingly).

“The regime of So-and-So lasted three years before it was overthrown by Country X’s military.”

”The government of Country X built this dam fifty years ago in order to stop flooding and produce hydroelectricity.”
May 17, 2020
Thanks for your explained to me @adam
May 17, 2020
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Samsie
Language Skills
Chinese (Mandarin), Chinese (Cantonese), English, Indonesian, Javanese, Korean
Learning Language
Chinese (Mandarin), Chinese (Cantonese), English, Korean