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많이 vs 많아: a lot
If I were to say "After school I have a lot of homework to do." would it be more natural to say
"방과 다음에 저는 많이 숙제가 해야 돼요."
"방과 다음에 저는 해야 할 숙제가 많아요."

could you also explain the difference between "a lot" in the two sentences. If neither of them are right please let me know a better way to say it.
19 May 2020 08:34
Comments · 2
Here are different ways to use the word 많다.

많은 = adjective (attributive, placed before a noun or pronoun). 많은 일을 했다 = did a lot of work.
많이 = adverb. 일을 많이 했다 = worked a lot (structurally "did work a lot", but English doesn't work well this way).

The others are sentence ending forms which can only come at the end of a sentence as a predicative adjective.
많습니다 (polite and formal), 많다 (impersonal), 많아요 (polite), 많아 (casual).

The predicative adjectives function like verbs. Think of them as verbs like "teem" or "proliferate" in English.

For example, here are more ways to say "There are a lot of people in the park." in Korean.
공원에 많은 사람이 있습니다 / 많다 / 많아요 / 많아.. (using the adjective - "a lot of" people)
공원에 사람이 많이 있습니다. (using the adverb - structurally similar to "there are people a lot")
공원에 사람이 많습니다. (using the sentence ending form - structurally similar to "teems (많다) with people")

You can construct similar structures for your example too.
방과후에 (or 학교 끝난 후에) 저는 많은 숙제를 해애 돼요.
방과후에 저는 숙제를 많이 해야 돼요.
방과후에 저는 해야 할 숙제가 많아요.
20 Mayıs 2020
Hi, to me, both sentences sound ok, but I'd like to add a couple of points:

"방과 다음에 저는 많이 숙제가 해야 돼요" I think this sentence has a little grammatical error. "가" is a subject marker. In this sentence your subject is 저. After 숙제 you need an object marker which would be '를/을'. If you said, "방과 후에 저는 숙제를 많이 해야 돼요", this would sound much more natural. The difference between your two sentences would be "After school I have a lot of homework to do" vs "After school, I need to do a lot of homework". :)

Also, native speakers are more likely to say, "방과 후에". 후에 is another way to say "after" but "방과" pairs better with 후에.

I hope this helps! 화이팅!!

19 Mayıs 2020
Language Skills
English, Korean
Learning Language