Alex
Lesson 14 - Some notes on nouns' gender

Nouns ending with -Ь can be either feminine or masculine in gender. You should remember the gender of some of these nouns by heart.

The best advise i can give when determining the gender of the nouns that ends with «Ь» is to listen to the sound of the word. Normally feminine ones sound just a little softer.

The following table lists a few nouns for your reference.

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Masculine gender

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Feminine gender

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гостЬ

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медалЬ

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огонЬ

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солЬ

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словарЬ

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кроватЬ

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денЬ

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тетрадЬ

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паренЬ

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ночЬ

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дождЬ

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дочЬ

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рублЬ

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осенЬ

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голубЬ

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дверЬ

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коренЬ

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матЬ

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пенЬ

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жизнЬ

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календарЬ

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лошадЬ

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портфелЬ

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нефтЬ

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кораблЬ

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цепЬ

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рублЬ

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площадЬ

</td> </tr> </tbody> </table>

 

The good news is that nouns ending in are relatively rare in Russian.

In addition, most of them are masculine if they end in -ТЕЛЬ and feminine if they end in -ОСТЬ as shown in the table below.

The feminine nouns ending in -ОСТЬ often name abstract concepts such as courage, speed, poverty, etc.

<table class="MsoNormalTable" style="width: 206.0pt; margin-left: 4.65pt; border-collapse: collapse; mso-padding-alt: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;" width="206" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"> <tbody> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 0; mso-yfti-firstrow: yes; height: 18.75pt;"> <td style="width: 106.0pt; border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; height: 18.75pt;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="106">

Masculine gender

</td> <td style="width: 100.0pt; border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left: none; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; height: 18.75pt;" valign="bottom" nowrap="nowrap" width="100">

Feminine gender

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учиТЕЛЬ

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новОСТЬ

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порТЕЛЬ

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скорОСТЬ

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зриТЕЛЬ

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молодОСТЬ

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двигаТЕЛЬ

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беднОСТЬ

</td> </tr> </tbody> </table>

 

You will notice even more exceptions as you progress with your Russian studies. For example, the nouns времЯ and имЯ are neuter instead of being feminine. Should you come across a noun whose gender is a mystery to you, you can always refer to your Russian dictionary.

May 9, 2012 12:00 AM
Alex
Language Skills
English, Russian, Ukrainian
Learning Language